Archives

Production systems, land cover change and soil factors affecting pasture production in semi-arid Nakasongola – IJAAR

Degradation,Emmanuel Zziwa, Geoffrey Kironchi, Charles Gachene, Swidiq Mugerwa, Denis Mpairwe

Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, P. O. Box 30197, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Department of Agricultural Production, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganada

National Livestock Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box 96, Tororo, Uganda

Key words: Degradation, land use, rangeland, soil nutrients, Uganda.

Abstract

The current pace of rangeland degradation imparted by appalling land use and management systems is greatly limiting the potential of the soil resource to support pasture production in semi-arid rangelands of Uganda. Continue reading

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Field evaluation of compost extracts for suppression of Fusarium wilt of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. lycopersici – IJAAR

Solanum lycopersicum,S.G Haruna, S.A. Adebitan, A.U. Gurama

Department of Horticultural Technology, Federal College of Horticulture, P. M. B. 108, Dadin Kowa, Gombe State, Nigeria

School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Abubakar Tafawa, Balewa University, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Key words: Solanum lycopersicum, disease severity, soil-drenching, bio-control.

Abstract

Field experiment was conducted at Research and Training Farm of Federal College of Horticulture Dadin Kowa, in the 2008 to 2009 cropping seasons, to evaluate the effect of compost extracts in suppressing Fusarium wilt on three tomato varieties. Continue reading

Productivity of wheat/faba bean intercropping systems in response to sulphur fertilization and seed rate under contrasting management conditions – IJAAR

Ibrahim Yahuza

Crops Research Unit, Department of Agriculture, the University of Reading, RG6 6AR, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Key words: Sulphur fertilization, wheat seed rate, wheat/faba bean intercrop, conventional system, organic system.

WheatAbstract

Two field experiments carried out in contrasting production system (conventional versus organic) investigated the effects of sulphur (S) fertilization and wheat seed rate in wheat/faba bean (bean) intercropping system. For the conventional experiment, S fertilization reduced wheat seed yields and biomass yields substantially. Continue reading

Microbiological and toxicological qualities of the water of watering used in urban agriculture in Cotonou (Republic of Benin) – IJAAR

TV Dougnon, TJ Dougnon, PA Edorh, JR Klotoé, S Sahidou, P Guédénon, B Sossou, M Boko, EE Creppy

Interfaculty Center of Formation and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development, Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 1463 Cotonou, Benin

Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin

Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Human Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin.

Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Animal Production and Health, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology , University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin.

Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Hygiene/UFR of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 146, Street Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex France

Key words: Escherichia coli, cadmium, water of watering.

Escherichia coliAbstract

This study has evaluated microbiological and toxicological qualities of water of watering in Cotonou. A pilot site at Glo-Djigbé, the market-gardening sites of Houeyiho, Fidjrosse and Agongbomey were included in the work. Continue reading

Evaluation of cotton waste, paper waste and jatropha cake for culture of Pleurotus sajor-caju under different pasteurization methods – IJAAR

Pleurotus sajor-cajuJames Chitamba, Marphios Shamuyarira, Farayi Dube, Nhamo Mudada, Stenly Mapurazi

Department of Agronomy, Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Department of Agricultural Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe

Cotton Research Institute, P. Bag 765, Kadoma, Zimbabwe

Department of Environmental Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe

Key words: Pleurotus sajor-caju, substrate, pasteurization, biological efficiency.

Abstract

Identification of suitable substrate material and correct substrate pasteurization method is critical for successful oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju) culture. An experiment was undertaken in a mushroom growing house to evaluate the effect of two pasteurization methods (boiling and use of Na hypochlorite) Continue reading