Obstacles of ranchers` participation in implementing the pastures management plans in Kohgeloyeh township of Iran – JBES

Natural resources, ,Farhad Lashgarara

Department of Agricultural Extension, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Key words: Natural resources, pastures, pastures management, ranchers, participation.


Pastures are one of the natural resources` important having a key role in each country’s water and soil protection. They, in Iran, are considered as one of the most important resources. Continue reading


Heavy metal bioaccumulation of selected tuber crops from Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, South East, Nigeria – JBES

mining area,Uzoma Kelechi Osuocha, Ezinne Callista Chukwu, Ahamefula Sunday Ezekwe, Chinedu Imo, Solomon Ugochukwu Charles, Chibuike Ibe, Joel Chinedum Ikpo

Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

Department of Microbiology, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria

Department of Biochemistry, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, Abia State Nigeria

Key words: Heavy metal, mining area, spectrophotometer, Ishiagu.


Heavy metal concentration of soil and selected root crops cassava, yam, cocoyam and potato from three mining areas of Ishiagu, Ebonyi State were Evaluated. Heavy metals were analysed using Atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Continue reading

Morpho-species of common Silverbellies (Family: Leiognathidae) found in East Java’s Coastal Sea, Indonesia – JBES

ponyfishesD.G.R. Wiadnya, Widodo, Marsoedi, W.E. Kusuma, D. Setyohadi, Soemarno

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

4Faculty of Agriculture, University of Brawijaya Malang, Indonesia

Key words: peperek, ponyfishes, slipmouths, fisheries, demersal.


All leiognathid’s species within catch of Indonesia’s fisheries are grouped into single category, locally name peperek. Separating them into genus or even species category is important in terms of fisheries management. Continue reading

A parametric study and mathematical modeling of electro-flocculation as harvesting process of Dunaliella salina microalgae for biodiesel production – JBES

Dunaliella salinaHeydar Mohammad-Ghasemnejadmaleki, Morteza Almassi, Mohammad Amin Hejazi, Saeid Minaei

Department of Agricultural Mechanization, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran. Branch for North West and West, Tabrize, Iran

Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Key words: Microalgae, Electrolytic flocculation, Modeling, Harvesting, Recovery efficiency.


Electro-flocculation is one of the technologies which have been considered for microalgae harvesting by many researchers in recent years. In this paper, electro-flocculation has been used for the harvesting and recovery Dounalila Salina microalgae from the culture medium. Continue reading

Diversity and ecological characteristics of family papilionaceae at district nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan – JBES

Sajjad Ali, Syed Zahir Shah, Wisal Muhammad Khan, Farrukh Hussain

Department of Botany, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan 2 Department of Botany, Bacha Khan University Charsadda, Pakistan

Key words: Ecological Characteristics, Nowshera.


The result conclude that total of 33 species belong to 21 genera of family Papilionaceae were identified from the research area. The members of this family were found in abundance that why infective amount of species were identified, 4 species belong to genus Medicago, 3 species from Vicia, Phaseolus and Lathyrus. Continue reading