Stady of the effective factors on social forestry in the vegetation kabirkoh areas (Case Study: Dareshahr County) – JBES

Somaye Zeinivand-Nejad, Ali Roatami, Mehdi Heydari

Department of forest science, Islamic Azad University, Ilam Branch, Ilam, Iran 3University of Ilam, Iran

Key words: Social forestry, public participation, natural resources, relational factors.

Social forestryAbstract

Social forestry is a common effort aiming at the formation of forest production along with reserving forestry natural resources in long term for whole community to get benefit. Continue reading


Evaluation of ecological aspects of natural vegetation of Pakpattan District using multivariate techniques – JBES

Arifa Zereen, Sheikh Saeed Ahmad, Andleeb Anwar Sardar and Zaheer-Ud-Din Khan

Arifa Zereen, University of Education, Bank Road Campus Lahore, Pakistan

Sheikh Saeed Ahmad, Department of Environmental Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, the Mall Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Andleeb Anwar Sardar, Department of Botany, Govt. College University Lahore, Pakistan

Zaheer-ud-din Khan, Department of Botany, Govt. College University Lahore, Pakistan

Key words: Multivariate Technique, Pakpattan District, Plant Communities, Soil and Water Parameters.

Plant CommunitiesAbstract

A survey of natural vegetation, soil and water of Pakpattan District was undertaken in this study. Floristic data was analyzed by using multivariate analysis techniques i.e., Tow- way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) and Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA). Continue reading

Kihansi spray wetlands under mitigation measures and its implication to the biodiversity of the resultant ecosystems – JBES

Severinus J. Mutagwaba, Jasson R.M. John

Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Kihansi Research Station, P. O Box 143, Mlimba, Morogoro, Tanzania

University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Conservation, P.O Box 35064, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Key words: artificial sprinklers, Kihansi Spray Toad, microclimate, spray wetlands.

artificial sprinklersAbstract

Originally, the Kihansi River Falls produced sprays that created microhabitat with high humidity and low temperatures. These microhabitats were the only habitats for Kihansi Spray Toad (KST) Nectophyrinoides asperginis, while adjacent forest supported other endemic species. Continue reading

Assessing of canadian water sustainability ─▒ndex (CWSI) in ahwaz county located in south west of Iran – JBES

Water Resources Sustainability indexJalal Attari, Seyed Ali Mojahedi, Amirpouya Sarraf

Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Water Engineering Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Department of Civil Engineering, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

Key words: Water Resources Sustainability index, CWSI, Ahwaz County, Iran.


Sustainability of water resources is vital especially for developing countries such as Iran which are located in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region where water is scarce. Continue reading

Chemotaxonomy of four varieties of Mentha longifolia L. using essential oil composition markers – JBES

Mentha longifoliaGiti Barzin, Ali Mazooji, Fahimeh Salimpour

Department of Biology, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran

Department of Biology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

Department of Biology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Key words: Lamiaceae, Mentha, Chemotaxonomy.


Mentha longifolia L. is one of the most important medicinal plant of Mentha genus. Studies were carried out to evaluate the chemotaxonomic relationships of four varieties of this specious. Continue reading