Environmental maternal effects on drought and salinity tolerance of common plantain (Plantago major L.) at germination and seedling growth stage – JBES

Plantago major,Solmaz Mardali Zakaria, Farid Golzardi, Saeed Vazan

Department of Agronomy, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

Key words: Population, chloride sodium (NaCl), polyethylene glycol (PEG), germination characteristics.


Drought and salinity stresses are considered as limiting factors reducing crop production all over the world. In this experiment, resistance of common plantain to different level of drought and salt is screened at germination and seedling growth stages. Continue reading


Inhibition of persian walnut (Juglans regia L.) microcuttings browning by utilizing different methods – JBES

Juglans regia,Abdollah Ehteshamnia, Mansour Gholami

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

Key words: activated charcoal, ascorbic acid, browning, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, subculture.


Microcuttings browning and eventual death of the tissue during the initial stage of walnut tissue culture is a frequent problem. In this research, three different experiments were conducted to inhibition microcuttings browning. Continue reading

The crown effect of Persian Oak (Quercus brantii LindI.) high trees on the physical and chemical properties of soil in Iran Zagros forests (Case study: Dalab canyon, Ilam County) – JBES

Quercus brantiiAzadeh Maleki, Ali Mahdavi, Masoud Bazgir

Department of Forest Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran

Key words: canopy cover, Persian Oak, physical properties, chemical properties, Zagros forests.


Forest trees, especially ones growing in the arid and semi arid regions, have a significant impact on the soil under and outside the tree crown and function of these ecosystems. Given that the study of relation between the trees and soil is one of the key factors in the forest management and planning, Continue reading

Toxicity assessment and phytochemical analysis of Broussonetia papyrifera and Lantana camara: Two notorious invasive plant species – JBES

Broussonetia papyriferaHuma Qureshi, Muhammad Arshad and Yamin Bibi

Department of Botany, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Key words: Toxicity, invasive species, novel weapons hypothesis, dose response, pharmaceutical drugs, agricultural chemicals.


The blind dependence on synthetics is over and people are returning to the naturals with hope of safety and security. As concern regarding the health issues of synthetic medicinal, industrial and agricultural chemicals increases, attention is focused on finding some alternative management strategies. Continue reading

Interaction between fungi mycorrhiza and Treflan herbicide on root colonization of clover (Trifolium repens) – JBES

Trifolium repens,Ebrahim Shirmohammadi, Mojtaba Khaje, Hassan Shahgholi, Ghasem Hosein Talaei Hosein Goudarzifar

Member of Scientific Board, Department of Soil Sciences, Faculty of Soil and Water Engineering, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture Sciences, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Aligoodarz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aligoodarz, Iran

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran

Department of Chemistry, Aligoodarz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aligoodarz, Iran

Key words: Colonization, Pesticide, Treflan, Trifolium repens.


There is little information on the issues such as interaction between mycorrhiza fungi and herbicide application and their effects on plant growth. Therefore, factorial experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with three replications in Shahrood University of Technology in 2013. Continue reading