The baseline inventory of the plant biodiversity of central karakorum national park Gilgit-Baltistan (District Hunza Nagar) Pakistan – JBES

BiodiversitySujjad Haider, Surayya Khatoon, Shaukat Ali, Muahmmad Akbar, Nasiba Ibrahim, Ehsan Ali

Department of Environmental Sciences Karakoram International, University Gilgit, Pakistan

Department of Botany Karachi University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Department of Statistic Karakoram International, University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Key words: Biodiversity, Species, Habitat, Flora, Families, and GeneraAbstract.


 The baseline study of the flora of Central Karakorum National Park (CKNP) was carried out by field’s trips conduct in the different seasons of the years. The study area was thoroughly surveyed throughout the year to ensure the collection of maximum diversity. Continue reading


Valuation of Synedrella nodifloraleaves in rabbit feeding as feed supplement: impact on reproductive performance – IJAAR

SynedrellanodifloraKoutinhouin G. Benoît, Tougan Polycarpe Ulbad, KpodékonT. Marc, Boko K. Cyrille, Goudjihounde Martin, Aoulou Abel, Thewis Andr

Department of Animal Production and Health, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Republic of Benin

Animal Sciences Unit, Gembloux Agro Bio Tech, University of Liege,Passage des Deportes, 2-5030, Gembloux, Belgium

Key words: Benin, growth, rabbit does, reproductive performance, Synedrellanodiflora.


The current study aims to evaluate the effect of Synedrellanodiflora leaves used as feed supplement in the diet of rabbits on their reproductive performances. Then, 96 rabbits (80 primiparous females and 16 males)of Common breed were divided into 4 lots and subjected to different dietary treatments. Continue reading

Gastrointestinal parasites and bacteria’s in vegetables grown in soil treated with organic manure – JBES

vegetableSyed Arif Hussain, Shaukat Ali, Khalil Ahmed, Sujjad Hyder, Muhammad Akber, Qamar Abbas, Syed Najam-ul- Hassan, Salar Ali, Karamat Ali

Department of Biological Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan 15100, Pakistan

 Department of Environmental Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan 15100, Pakistan

Integrated Mountain Research Centre, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-Baltistan 15100, Pakistan

Key words: Gastrointestinal, parasite, bacteria, vegetable, organic manure.


An attempt was made to evaluate the parasitic load in vegetables grown organically is Majini Muhallah Gilgit, Pakistan. During this study Majini Muhallah was divided into three sectors. Six vegetables including Spinach (Spinacia oleracea), Continue reading

Pre- and post harvest factors affecting sorghum production (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) among smallholder farming communities – IJAAR

Sorghum bicolor,Alex M. Kange, Erick K. Cheruiyot, Joshua O. Ogendo, Peter F. Arama, Sylvans O. Ochola

Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536-20115 Egerton, Kenya

School of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Rongo University College, P.O. Box 103-40404, Rongo, Kenya

Key words: Panicle, landraces, sorghum, pre, post – harvest.


A farm survey was conducted on Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as a staple cereal crop adapted in arid and semi – arid lands. The objective was to determine pre and post harvest factors affecting sorghum production. Ninety five farmers were sampled using snowballing sampling method in Continue reading

Evaluation of electrocoagulation-flocculation for recovery of Dunaliella salina microalgae for biodiesel production: The energetics and economics – JBES

Dunaliella salina ,Heydar Mohammad-Ghasemnejadmaleki, Morteza Almassi, Mohammad Amin Hejazi, Saeid Minaei

Department of Agricultural Mechanization, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran, Branch for North West and West, Tabrize, Iran

Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Key words: Energy consumption, Electrode dissolution, Electrocoagulation-flocculation, recovery efficiency, microalgae.


The high energy input for harvesting biomass makes current commercial microalgae biodiesel production economically unfeasible. In this study, the effect of current intensity, electrode gap, application time, stirring speed and electrode material on the recovery efficiency, Continue reading