Kihansi spray wetlands under mitigation measures and its implication to the biodiversity of the resultant ecosystems – JBES

Severinus J. Mutagwaba, Jasson R.M. John

Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Kihansi Research Station, P. O Box 143, Mlimba, Morogoro, Tanzania

University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Conservation, P.O Box 35064, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Key words: artificial sprinklers, Kihansi Spray Toad, microclimate, spray wetlands.

artificial sprinklersAbstract

Originally, the Kihansi River Falls produced sprays that created microhabitat with high humidity and low temperatures. These microhabitats were the only habitats for Kihansi Spray Toad (KST) Nectophyrinoides asperginis, while adjacent forest supported other endemic species. Continue reading


Microbiological and toxicological qualities of the water of watering used in urban agriculture in Cotonou (Republic of Benin) – IJAAR

TV Dougnon, TJ Dougnon, PA Edorh, JR Klotoé, S Sahidou, P Guédénon, B Sossou, M Boko, EE Creppy

Interfaculty Center of Formation and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development, Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 1463 Cotonou, Benin

Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin

Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Human Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin.

Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Animal Production and Health, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology , University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin.

Laboratory of Toxicology and Applied Hygiene/UFR of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 146, Street Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex France

Key words: Escherichia coli, cadmium, water of watering.

Escherichia coliAbstract

This study has evaluated microbiological and toxicological qualities of water of watering in Cotonou. A pilot site at Glo-Djigbé, the market-gardening sites of Houeyiho, Fidjrosse and Agongbomey were included in the work. Continue reading

Assessing of canadian water sustainability ındex (CWSI) in ahwaz county located in south west of Iran – JBES

Water Resources Sustainability indexJalal Attari, Seyed Ali Mojahedi, Amirpouya Sarraf

Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Water Engineering Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Department of Civil Engineering, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

Key words: Water Resources Sustainability index, CWSI, Ahwaz County, Iran.


Sustainability of water resources is vital especially for developing countries such as Iran which are located in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region where water is scarce. Continue reading

Evaluation of cotton waste, paper waste and jatropha cake for culture of Pleurotus sajor-caju under different pasteurization methods – IJAAR

Pleurotus sajor-cajuJames Chitamba, Marphios Shamuyarira, Farayi Dube, Nhamo Mudada, Stenly Mapurazi

Department of Agronomy, Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Department of Agricultural Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe

Cotton Research Institute, P. Bag 765, Kadoma, Zimbabwe

Department of Environmental Science, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe

Key words: Pleurotus sajor-caju, substrate, pasteurization, biological efficiency.


Identification of suitable substrate material and correct substrate pasteurization method is critical for successful oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju) culture. An experiment was undertaken in a mushroom growing house to evaluate the effect of two pasteurization methods (boiling and use of Na hypochlorite) Continue reading

Chemotaxonomy of four varieties of Mentha longifolia L. using essential oil composition markers – JBES

Mentha longifoliaGiti Barzin, Ali Mazooji, Fahimeh Salimpour

Department of Biology, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran

Department of Biology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

Department of Biology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Key words: Lamiaceae, Mentha, Chemotaxonomy.


Mentha longifolia L. is one of the most important medicinal plant of Mentha genus. Studies were carried out to evaluate the chemotaxonomic relationships of four varieties of this specious. Continue reading