Allelopathic effects of weeds extract on seed germination of Trachyspermum copticum L., Foeniculum vulgare and Cuminum cyminum – JBES

Trachyspermum copticumMostafakemal Shams, Ehsan Zandi Esfahan, Mahdi Ramezani, Mahnaz Ghandkanlou

Department of agriculture, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395- 3697, Tehran, Iran

Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, P.O. Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran

Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 14778. Tehran, Iran

Key words: Allelopathic effects, weed species, Trachyspermum copticum L., Foeniculum vulgare, Cuminum cyminum


Seed germination stage is one of the most basic growth stages in medicinal plants that may be adversely affected by the chemicals released from other plants in the soil environment. Continue reading

The flora of Saluk National Park, Northern Khorassan province, Iran – JBES

floraAtefeh Ezazi, Nargessadat Rahchamani, Farrokh Ghahremaninejad

Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, 43 Dr. Mofatteh Avenue,15719-14911 Tehran, Iran

Key words: Floristic, life form,diversity, Iran, Northern Khorassan, National Park.


Saluk National Park is located in Northern Khorassan province, NW Esfarayen between 37˚ 07΄- 37˚ 14΄ N and 57˚ 10΄- 57˚ 17΄ E. A total of 1137 plant specimens during 2007–2009 were collected and 505 taxa (species, Continue reading

Zoopharmacognosy and epigenetic behavior of mountain wildlife towards Berberis species – JBES

Berberis,Tika Khan, Imtiaz Ahmed Khan, Shaukat Ali, Haibat Ali

Integrated Mountain Area Research Centre, Karakorum International University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Department of Biological Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Department of Environmental Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Key words: Berberis, wildlife, zoopharmacology, Karakoram, epigenetics, medicinal plants, critically endangered, CKNP.


Berberis, a member of family Berberidaceae serves as ‘Herbal-wildlife-clinic’ in nature. Berberis pseudumbellata subsp. gilgitica is endemic to the area and has become critically endangered. For the first time research documented unique epigenetic behaviour of different mountain wildlife and zoopharmacological practices of traditional communities from CKNP. Continue reading

The study of climate change in Mazandaran Province using the limit indices of temperature and precipitation – JBES

Mazandaran,Razaghian Hadi, Shahedi Kaka, Haghshenas GatabiRahman Rahman Ali, Kheirollah Poor Saraee Ahmad

Department of Watershed Management Engineering Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University and Instructor, Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, Payam Noor University and, 19395-4697, Tehran, Iran

Department of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Department, Sari University, Iran

Department of Natural Geography, Mazandaran Province Meteorological Department, Fourth Kilometers of Sari-Qaemshahr Road, Iran

Key words: Mazandaran, climate change, drought, SPI.


In recent years, we could rarely find a day in which the mass media do not release news and reports about natural disasters such as intensive storms, flood, drought and their heavy damages to catchments and human’s environment. Continue reading

Optimal site selection for temporary housing after an earthquake in urban areas using multiple criteria decision making methods and GIS (a case study of municipal district 6, Tehran metropolis) – JBES

Geographic Information System,,Faramarz Hadavi, Mehdi Zamani, Mostafa movasati, Kamal koohgard and Mohammadreza Hadavi

Geography and Urban Planning, Payame-Noor University of Tehran. Iran

Geomorphology, Tehran Azad University, Science and Research Branch. Iran

Department of Urban Planning, Art University of Isfahan, Iran

Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Azad University of Science and Research of Tehran, Iran

Expert of Zanjan Governor, Zanjan, Iran

Key words: Temporary housing, Earthquake, Geographic Information System, Municipal District No.6 of Tehran metropolis.


Choosing an appropriate site for temporary housing of the population affected by natural disasters has always been among the issues that have been brought to the attention of organization and authorities responsible for crisis management. Continue reading