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Genetic parameters of some production traits of the synthetic breed Cunistar-MDL (Minimum Disease Level) – IJAAR

genetic analysisK.Soro1, D.P. Sokouri, N.A. Bosso, M. Coulibaly, A.S.P. N’Guetta

Université Félix Houphpouet Boigny. UFR Biosciences / Laboratoire de Génétique. 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire

African Union / Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources, museum Hi 11, Westlands Roads, P.O. Box 30786, Nairobi, Kenya

Laboratoire Central Vétérinaire de Bingerville (LCVB), BP 206 Bingerville, Côte d’Ivoire

Key words: genetic analysis, production traits, Cunistar-MDL.

Abstract

This study aimed to present the first results of genetic analysis of the selection experiment for production traits of a synthetic breed, Cunistar-MDL (Minimum Disease Level), achieved in a private farm in Côte d’Ivoire. Continue reading

Seed priming affected physiology and grain yield of chickpea under salt stress – JBES

Milad Abdolahpour and Ramin Lotfi

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

PhD student of crop physiology, Department of Plant Eco-physiology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Key words: Chickpea, Leaf area index, Leaf water content, Grain yield, Membrane stability index.

chana_prorAbstract

In order to study the effect of priming and salinity on seed germination, physiological characteristics and grain yield of chickpea, an experiment was carried out under hydroponic condition. Results showed that germination percentage and rate significantly reduced under salt stress. KNO3 was proper trait than that of hydro-priming to improving germination rate. Leaf area index (LAI) and membrane stability index (MSI) reduced under salt stress specially sever salt level (S3). Seed priming had no effect on LAI and MSI. In contract, primed plants significantly increased leaf water content (LWC). KNO3 under sever salinity condition improved LWC of chickpea. Loss of grain yield under sever salt stress in comparison to control was 76%. Priming seed by water and KNO3 enhanced grain yield approximately 13% and 27%, respectively in comparison to control. As a result of this research chickpea was sensitive plant to salinity and priming especially by KNO3 can be improved physiological characteristic and grain yield of this plant.

jbes-vol5no1-p442-446Get the original articles in Source: Volume 5, Number 1, July 2014 – JBES

Journal Name: Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Disclosing the effect of climatic factors on the growth and yield of sugar beet in province Azerbaijan East – JBES

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Effect of irrigation with wastewater on root yield and yield components of sugar beet – IJAAR

Sugar-beetAta Bahojb-Almasi, Parinesa Moshefi

Plant Ecology, University of Tabriz, Iran

Academic Member of Faculty of Islamic Azad University-Maragheh Branch, Iran

Key words: Root, Sugar beet, Wastewater, Yield components.

Abstract

In recent years, water deficit and environmental hazards of wastewater have promoted the development of wastewater reuse in irrigation of agricultural lands in many arid and semi-arid regions. Continue reading

Biological efficiency of biofertilizers emosan and seasol on pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivated under organic farming conditions – IJAAR

Capsicum annuumVeselka Vlahova, Vladislav Popov

Agricultural University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 12 ‘Mendeleev’ blvd., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Key words: biofertilizers, Capsicum annuum L., organic agriculture, soil fertility, yield.

Abstract

Biofertilizers based on processed organic manure are proven alternative to mineral fertilizers. The experiments were carried out in 2009 to 2011 on an organic farm of the Agroecological Centre at the Agricultural University- Plovdiv (Bulgaria). Continue reading

Maize managed on diverse cropping systems and N supply on yield and quality of maize stover silage – IJAAR

Maize,Akim T. Omokanye, Frank M. Kelleher and Alison McInnes

Centre for Horticulture and Plant Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Building

J4, Hawkesbury Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC NSW 1797, Australia

School of Environment and Agriculture, University of Western Sydney, Building

K29, Hawkesbury Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC NSW 1797, Australia

Peace Country Beef & Forage Association, Grande Prairie Regional College, Box 3000, Fairview, Alberta, T0H 1L0, Canada

Key words: Maize, cropping systems, silage yield, silage quality, livestock nutrition.

Abstract

Maize stover can be an inexpensive source of forage for ruminant livestock, which may be grazed, stacked or ensiled. In the present study, maize stover was evaluated for silage yield and quality in five cropping systems using three rates of N fertilizer (0, 60 and 120 kg N ha-1). Continue reading