Optimization model of paddlewheel as water quality engineering tool in intensive pond culture of vannamei shrimp (litopenaeus vannamei). in bbap situbondo, east java, Indonesia. – IJAAR

litopenaeus vannameiA.Kurniawan, Marsoed, M. Fadjar

Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Postgraduate Program, University of Brawijaya, Malang, East Java, Jl. Veteran, Malang, Indonesia

Key words: Paddlewheel, water quality, vannamei shrimp.


The aims of this reasearch was to determine the number of paddlewheel at shrimp intensive ponds. A dynamic model was used to obtain optimal value or amount in the application of paddlewheel. Stella 9.1.4 software programing was employed to find relationships among parameters. Continue reading


Environmental maternal effects on drought and salinity tolerance of common plantain (Plantago major L.) at germination and seedling growth stage – JBES

Plantago major,Solmaz Mardali Zakaria, Farid Golzardi, Saeed Vazan

Department of Agronomy, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

Key words: Population, chloride sodium (NaCl), polyethylene glycol (PEG), germination characteristics.


Drought and salinity stresses are considered as limiting factors reducing crop production all over the world. In this experiment, resistance of common plantain to different level of drought and salt is screened at germination and seedling growth stages. Continue reading

Standardization of high efficient and rapid regeneration protocol for Agrobacterium mediated transformation of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Pusa Ruby, Vaibhav and Arka Meghali. – IJAAR

CaraboboS.V. Madhu, D.L. Savithramma

Department of Biotechnology, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Key words: BAP-Benzyl Amino Purine, AS-Adenine Sulphate, TDZ-Thidiazuron, Zn-Zeatin, RM-Regeneration Media, IAA- Indole-3-Acetic Acid and MS- Murashige and Skoog.


In the present investigation, three tomato cultivars Pusa Ruby, Vaibhav and Arkamegali (Solanum lycopersicum L.) were selected for multiple shoot induction. The explants cotyledon, hypocotyl and epicotyl of all the cultivars of tomato were cultured on MS medium fortified with different concentrations of BAP (1.0 to 4.0 mg/l), TDZ (1.0 to 4.0 mg/l), Zeatin (0.5 to 1.0 mg/l), AS (5.0 to 20 mg/l) and 0.1 mg/l IAA . Continue reading

Inhibition of persian walnut (Juglans regia L.) microcuttings browning by utilizing different methods – JBES

Juglans regia,Abdollah Ehteshamnia, Mansour Gholami

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

Key words: activated charcoal, ascorbic acid, browning, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, subculture.


Microcuttings browning and eventual death of the tissue during the initial stage of walnut tissue culture is a frequent problem. In this research, three different experiments were conducted to inhibition microcuttings browning. Continue reading

The crown effect of Persian Oak (Quercus brantii LindI.) high trees on the physical and chemical properties of soil in Iran Zagros forests (Case study: Dalab canyon, Ilam County) – JBES

Quercus brantiiAzadeh Maleki, Ali Mahdavi, Masoud Bazgir

Department of Forest Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran

Key words: canopy cover, Persian Oak, physical properties, chemical properties, Zagros forests.


Forest trees, especially ones growing in the arid and semi arid regions, have a significant impact on the soil under and outside the tree crown and function of these ecosystems. Given that the study of relation between the trees and soil is one of the key factors in the forest management and planning, Continue reading