Effect of covering water surface with azolla (Azolla filiculoides Lam.) on water quality, growth and production of nile tilapia fed practical azolla-diets in earthen ponds – IJAAR

87809Youssouf Abou, Martin P. Aina, Biaou Dimon, Emile D. Fiogbé, Jean-Claude Micha

Research Unit on Wetlands, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abomey- Calavi, Republic of Benin

Laboratory of Water Sciences and Technics, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey- Calavi, Republic of Benin

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abomey- Calavi, Republic of Benin

Benin Scientific and Technic Research Center, Cotonou, Benin

Research Unit in Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, FUNDP-University of Namur, Namur, Belgium

Key words: Azolla cover, growth, Oreochromis niloticus, plankton, semi-intensive system, pond.

Abstract

Although common in Africa’s rural areas, covering fish pond with Azolla is an extensive aquaculture practice that generates lower fish growth performances. To improve fish yield, a 90-days experiment was implemented to evaluate the effects of several Azolla cover (AC) levels on water nutrient, plankton dynamic, growth and production of Nile tilapia supplementary fed in ponds. Six triplicate groups of ponds were covered with one of the following AC extensions: 0%, 15%, 30%, 45%, 60% and 75% of the surface. Fingerlings were fed with a practical diet containing 20% of Azolla meal (AM). tilapiaExcept for temperature, all the other physicochemical parameters, and Chlorophyll a concentration and zooplankton abundance were affected by AC (P < 0.05). The SGR strongly correlate with the AC level [SGR (%/day) = – 0.0003 (AC)² + 0.0135 (AC) + 2.2045; R² = 0.96; P < 0.001, N = 18)], and values ranged from 1.50 %/day to 2.24%/day (P < 0.05). Yield and fish production ranged from 710 kg/ha to 1940 kg/ha for yield, and from 2900 kg/ha/year to 7870 kg/ha/year for fish production. The best values were obtained with 30% AC (P < 0.05), whereas performances with 0, 15 and 45% AC was similar. It appears that fish growth is a result of an interaction between the negative effects of AC on phytoplankton biomass and the positive effects of the food supplied. The study recommends applying a maximum AC level of 30% in ponds for Nile tilapia rearing in tropical areas.

unoptimized-ijaar-v2no12-p1-9Get the original articles in Source: Volume 2, Number 12, December 2012 – IJAAR

Journal Name: International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Effect of variety, spacing and number of seedlings per hill on the yield potentials of transplant aman rice – IJAAR

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