Archive | February 2018

Effects of storage methods, storage duration and different geographical locations on quality of stored wheat (Triticum aestivum) in sindh, Pakistan – JBES

wheat,Shakeel Hussain Chattha, Teang Shui Lee, Benish Nawaz Mirani, Che Man Hasfalina

Department of Farm Structures, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Institute of Food Sciences and Technology, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam

Key words: Storage structures, Districts, Wheat, Period, Quality.

Abstract

Wheat grain stored in traditional structures was sampled from four selected districts of Sindh from July 2013 to July 2014 at 3 months interval and was analysed for quality deterioration over time. Continue reading

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New sources of resistance to spotted stem borer, Chilo partellus in sorghum – IJAAR

P.W. Muturi, P. Rubaihayo, M. Mgonja, S. Kyamanywa, J. Kibuka, H.C. Sharma

Department of Agricultural Production, Makerere University P.O. BOX 7062, Kampala, Uganda

International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, P.O. Box 39063-00623, Nairobi, Kenya

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India

Key words: Sorghum bicolor, Chilo partellus, resistance, tolerance.

Chilo partellusAbstract

The lepidopteran Chilo partellus Crambid, an introduced pest in East and southern Africa from Asia, is the most economically important stem borer species infesting cereals in Africa. Chilo partellus causes more than 40% yield loss in sorghum in East Africa. Continue reading

Effectiveness of traditional processing techniques on residual removal in chilies sprayed with various pesticides – JBES

Chilies,Saghir Ahmed Sheikh, Aasia Akbar Panhwar, Benish Nawaz Mirani, Shafi Muhammad Nizamani

Institute of Food Sciences and Technology, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan

National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamsohoro, Sindh, Pakistan

Key words: Chilies, Traditional processing techniques, pesticide residues.

Abstract

Pesticide usage in Pakistan is rapidly increasing and cases of misuse or over-use of pesticides are simultaneously on the increase. Pesticide use raises a number of environmental concerns, and human and animal health problems. Continue reading

Production systems, land cover change and soil factors affecting pasture production in semi-arid Nakasongola – IJAAR

Emmanuel Zziwa, Geoffrey Kironchi, Charles Gachene, Swidiq Mugerwa, Denis Mpairwe

Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, P. O. Box 30197, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Department of Agricultural Production, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala

National Livestock Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box 96, Tororo, Uganda

Key words: Degradation, land use, rangeland, soil nutrients, Uganda.

DegradationAbstract

The current pace of rangeland degradation imparted by appalling land use and management systems is greatly limiting the potential of the soil resource to support pasture production in semi-arid rangelands of Uganda. Continue reading

Comparative diversity analysis and species composition of seagrass and macroalgae along the intertidal zone of sarangani province, Philippines – JBES

SeagrasJaphet alima, Blessie Justine Arellano, Kim Menguita, Marwan Omar, Charlene Panolino, Lorraine Par, Trixie Joy Pilar, Naica Amina Pundug, Gerard Jay Suarez, Jess Jumawan

Department of Science, Mindanao State University-General Santos City, Philippines

Biology Division, College of Natural Science and Mathematics, Mindanao State University-General Santos City, Philippines

Key words: Seagrass, Macroalgae, biodiversity, distribution, Sarangani Province.

Abstract

The study was carried out as an intensive sampling survey in the intertidal zones of Sarangani Province (Glan and Maasim), relying on the low tide to determine the total species number, relative species abundances, frequency and spatial distribution of seagrass.Eight Species of seagrasses andnineteen species of macroalgaewere gathered. Continue reading