Zoopharmacognosy and epigenetic behavior of mountain wildlife towards Berberis species – JBES

Berberis,Tika Khan, Imtiaz Ahmed Khan, Shaukat Ali, Haibat Ali

Integrated Mountain Area Research Centre, Karakorum International University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Department of Biological Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Department of Environmental Sciences, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan

Key words: Berberis, wildlife, zoopharmacology, Karakoram, epigenetics, medicinal plants, critically endangered, CKNP.

Abstract

Berberis, a member of family Berberidaceae serves as ‘Herbal-wildlife-clinic’ in nature. Berberis pseudumbellata subsp. gilgitica is endemic to the area and has become critically endangered. For the first time research documented unique epigenetic behaviour of different mountain wildlife and zoopharmacological practices of traditional communities from CKNP. When wildlife gets physical hurts, it rushes towards Berberis plants and eat berries, chew leaves or bark, which is found significant (p<0.001). Such behaviour is untaught, not learned, and automatic but seems pre-programmed instinctively triggered reflexed. Berberis thunbergii Dart's Red LadyThis is observed in avifauna (House Sparrow, Chakor, Ram Chakor) and angulates (Flare horned Markhor, Himalayan Ibex) only. 79.03%, 36.51% hunters (SD±30.02), 83.24%, 58.23% shepherds (SD±17.68) and 41.92%, 17.11% local population (SD±17.54) believe and have personal observations respectively for Berberis-wildpharma interaction. Traditionally it is used zoopharmacologically for bone healing of limbs (93.67%), other bone fracture and injury (90.91%), other internal injuries (85.53%), external injuries (73.33%), delivery of sheep (38.12%), goat (17.36%) and cow (19.87%). No such observation was recorded with respect to herpetofauna and carnivores.

jbes-vol5no1-p37-44Get the original articles in Source: Volume 5, Number 1, July 2014 – JBES

Journal Name: Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Studying the salinity stress on physical and growth characteristics of cupressus sempervirens — JBES

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