Faramarz Hadavi, Mehdi Zamani, Mostafa movasati, Kamal koohgard and Mohammadreza Hadavi
Geography and Urban Planning, Payame-Noor University of Tehran. Iran
Geomorphology, Tehran Azad University, Science and Research Branch. Iran
Department of Urban Planning, Art University of Isfahan, Iran
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Azad University of Science and Research of Tehran, Iran
Expert of Zanjan Governor, Zanjan, Iran
Key words: Temporary housing, Earthquake, Geographic Information System, Municipal District No.6 of Tehran metropolis.
Choosing an appropriate site for temporary housing of the population affected by natural disasters has always been among the issues that have been brought to the attention of organization and authorities responsible for crisis management. In Iran, finding a location for temporary accommodation of citizens is usually conducted by aid agencies regardless of the standards and in an experimental manner after the events. It is clear that inappropriate site selection might end in a disaster even worse than the initial one. Having explored the site-selection criteria for temporary housing after a probable earthquake in district 6 of Tehran, in the present study we try to review the crisis management steps in an earthquake stricken area, and provide some guidelines for choosing suitable locations for temporary housing of people affected by earthquake in Tehran metropolis. In general, site selection and placement of temporary housing areas is a complex subject that is a function of multiple criteria and variables. Therefore, given the technical features of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) we acknowledge that making use of such methods to determine and measure the importance coefficients of criteria and indices effective in location of activities is regarded as one of the appropriate methods. Given the high construction and population density in the Tehran, particularly Municipal District No.6 of Tehran, it is necessary to conduct accurate studies and planning to minimize the damage and injuries caused by natural disasters and cataclysmic events. Using some indices (including accessibility, proximity to service centers, land use area, proximity to faults, etc.), and TOPSIS method, the present paper has discussed the optimal site selection method for temporary housing areas in Municipal DistrictNo.6 of Tehran. The research findings show that despite inadequate areas suitable for temporary housing, subway stations and land uses such as parks and green spaces are of high priority for accommodation of the victims after a cataclysmic event in District No.6 of Tehran.
Get the original articles in Source: Volume 5, Number 1, July 2014 – JBES
Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences