Goudoum Augustin, Philippe Kosma, Tchoing Nestor, Léonard Ngamo Tinkeu
The University of Maroua, The Higher Institute of Sahel, Department of Agriculture, Livestock and Derived Products, Maroua, Cameroon
The University of Ngaoundere, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biological Sciences, Ngaoundéré Cameroon
Key words: Tetranychus urticae, neem seed, acaricide, protect, Tomato.
Tetranychus urticae is the main pest rapidly developing resistance to chemical acaricides used to treat tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in the Far North Region of Cameroon. In an effort to develop an alternative tomato production strategy, a survey was undertaken on 100 producers to collect information on this crop and field experimentation to determine the effectiveness of the powder of neem seeds was performed. The results show that 63.2% of producers recognize tomato pests. Mites are the most important followed by whiteflies. Producers protect their culture with chemical pesticides (70%) or with available products: soap (26%); cow urine (30%). 82% use the neem seed to treat tomato crops. Treatment with neem seed powder shows that it improves the development of tomato (P > 0.05) and fruit yield (977 fruit) compared to the control (514 fruit), although it remains below the treatment with chemical acaricide Acarius (1464 fruits). Neem seed powder effectively protects tomato against T. urticae.
Get the original articles in Source: Volume 7, Number 2, August 2015 – IJAAR
Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences