Floristic composition, life forms and geographical distribution of semi steppe pastures of Western Zagros (case study: Perdanan, West Azerbaijan, Iran) – JBES

dscf6291-anacamptis-pyram_lS.Ghollasimood, O. Amousi, B. Fattahi

Department of Watershed and Range Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

Graduated Master of Science student in Range Management, Department of Watershed and Range Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

Department of Watershed and Range Management, Faculty of Environment & Natural Resources, University of Malayer, Malayer, Iran

Key words: Floristic composition, geographical distribution, life form, West Azerbaijan.

Abstract

Western forests in Iran cover more than 5 million hectares which compromised 45% of total forest of Iran. Floristic composition of this forest is poorly described while they are under sever threat of degradation. Species compositions were studied through 797 ha of Perdanan pastures in 30 km far from Piranshahr. The average rainfall is 670 mm per year, the altitude is 1455 m and the climate is semi-arid and cold. In total 108 species belong to 29 family within 84 genes were identified. foto-1-orchis-mascula-e-stata-la-prima-orchidea-descritta-gia-nel-300-a-cThe most spacious family were Poaceae (16 species, 18.39%) followed by Asteraceae (15 species, 13.9%), Fabaceae (14 species, 12.96%) and Apiaceae (8 species, 7.4%). Therophytes were the dominant life forms, accounted for 33.3%, followed by hemicryptophytes (28%), phanerophytes (21.3%), chamaeophytes (10.2%) and cryptophytes (6.4%). Irano-Turanian was the most dominant 34.5% (30 species) chorotypes and 28.17% (25 species) belong to Irano-Turanian-Mediterranean-Euro-Siberian in which showed this area not only located in Irano-Turanian but is on the belt between these two areas.

jbes-vol4no4-p75-86Get the original articles in Source: Volume 4, Number 4, April 2014 – JBES

Journal Name: Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Application of transgenic plants as factories for producing biopharmaceuticals – JBES

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