The study of relationship between two cytotypes and chemotypes of Achilleamillefolium L. (Asteraceae) from Iran – JBES

achillea_millefoliumweb2Ali Mazooji, Fahimeh Salimpour, Talayeh Poorfarzaneh

Department of Biology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

Department of Biology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Department of Biology, Basic Science Faculity, , Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

Key words: Asteraceae, chromosome number, essential oil composition, Medicinal.

Abstract

CraAchillea L. (Asteraceae) comprises 115 species, which are mainly distributed in Europe, Asia and North Africa. 19 species of this genus are described in the Flora Iranica, of which Achilleamilllefolium L. is a very important medicinal plant and has been used in traditional medicine. To determine the relation between cytotypes and chemotypes of this species, two accessions were chosen. achillea-millefoliumCytological analyses and the composition of the essential oils from aerial parts of these two acssessions were performed. The results indicated two ploidy levels of 2n=6x=54 and 2n=8x=72 in this species. Also the main composition of the essential oils of them was different especially in contents. Our results suggesting that the octaploidy level of this species is the best chemotype for pharmacological usage.

jbes-vol4no3-p296-302Get the original articles in Source: Volume 4, Number 3, March 2014 – JBES

Journal Name: Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Quality examination of drinking water: a cause study of water filtration plants installed at Hyderabad city, Sindh, Pakistan – JBES

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