Eric E. Agoyi, Elie A. Padonou, Amoussa W, Achille E. Assogbadjo, Romain Glèlè Kakaï, Brice Sinsin
Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.
Department of crop science, Makerere University of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.
Laboratory of Biomathematics and Forest estimations, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Key words: Moringa oleifera, Phenotypic variation, Management practices, Phytodistricts.
This study examined the phenotypic variation and the modalities for integrating Moringa oleifera in agroforestry systems in southern Benin in order to contribute to sustainable management of the species. Morphological characterization of M. oleifera based on measurements taken on the trees, leaves, leaflets and fruits, and ethnobotanical survey on cultivation techniques and management of plantation of the species were performed. The morphological analysis showed significant variation between populations of M. oleifera in the phytodistricts considered in relation to tree height, leaf length, petiole diameter, length and width of leaflets (P <0.001); length, median diameter and fresh weight of pods (P <0.01). In the phytodistricts considered in the southern Benin, the culture of M. oleifera was mainly by cuttings (92.85 to 97.8%) and row planting (91.83 to 98.03%). The adoption rate of M. oleifera varied between 89.79 and 97.05%. There was significant dependence between the management practices and the willing for adoption (ΔG2 = 5.59, P = 0.018), between management practices and the origin of planting materials (ΔG2 = 5.50, P = 0.019).
Get the original articles in Source: Volume 6, Number 3, March 2015 – IJAAR
Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences