Effects of tropical legume cover crops on soil quality at dryland farming area in Bali, Indonesia – IJAAR

47047_4712b2e9cc242b4a0c07552a7fa4b495_largeGusti Ayu Mas Sri Agung, Ketut Sardiana, Gusti Made Oka Nurjaya

Udayana University, Bukit Jimbaran-Badung, Bali, Indonesia

Key words: Tropical legume cover crops, soil quality.

Abstract

Two field experiments were conducted to study the effects of tropical legume cover crops on soil quality in dryland farming areas at Angantaka village, Badung regency, Bali Province of Indonesia from June to November 2013. In the first experiment, three tropical legume cover crops (LCC) (Centrosema pubescens L.(Cp), Mucuna pruriens L.(Mp) and Pueraria javanica L. (Pj)) and one control (without LCC) were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replicates. Variables measured were the quality of LCC biomass, C-absorbed and fixed-N by LCC. The LCCs were harvested after three months, which were then incorporated into the soil according to the treatments set for the second experiment. dryland-agricultureDesign for the second experiment was a Split-plot with four replicates, where residues (biomass) of three LCC (results of the first experiment) were assigned as the main plot and four times of biomas incorporation (0,10, 20 and 30 days) as the subplot. Results showed that Pj was the best LCC crop among others (Cp and Mp) due to its highest quality. Pj also had the highest absorbed-carbon (58.50 t ha-1), fixed-N (490.21 kg ha-1), biomass FW and DW (304.83 and 116.99 t ha-1) among LCC species. The treatment of Pj with 30 days biomass incorporation significantly improved the soil quality as indicated by the highest soil moisture content (40.25%) and porosity (79.90%), organic-C (1.95%), total N (0.09%), available-P (15.71 mg kg-1), exchangeable-K (2.07 mg kg-1) and soil respiration (63.94 meC-CO2 kg-1day-1).

ijaar-v6no3-p12-19Get the original articles in Source: Volume 6, Number 3, March 2015 – IJAAR

Journal Name: International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR)

Published by: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Effect of different levels of nitrogen on the economic yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety Aas-11 — IJAAR

Download PDF

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s