Evalution of the exposure to pollutants in the drinking water of So-ava municipality using biomarkers: epidemiological study – JBES

biomarkers-and-prostate-cancerKinsiclounon Gilles E., Koumolou Luc., Guedenon Patient, Agossadou Angélique, Tevi Mirelle, Deguenon Yvette, Kaki Christophe, Loko Frederic, Boko Michel, Gbeassor Messanvi, Edorh Patrick A

Health and Medical Research Institute, P. O. Box: 974, Abomey-Calavi, Benin

Laboratory of Applied Research in Biology (LARBA), Environment Engineering Department of Polytechnic University (EPAC), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) 01BP 526 Cotonou, Benin

Laboratory of Environmental Health and Toxicology, Interfaculty Centre of Training and Research in Environment for Sustainable Development (CIFRED), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 03 BP 1463, Jericho, Benin

Sciences of Earth Department, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Abomey- Calavi (UAC), 01BP 526 Cotonou, Benin Lomé, Togo, Benin

Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01BP 526 Cotonou, Benin

Key words: Sô-Ava, body fluids, biomarkers, lead, cadmium.

Abstract

The previous works revealed the existence of the risks of exposure to pollutants through the consumption of the water in the localities of Ahomey and Houédo in Sô-Ava. It was thus advisable to look for biomarkers, indicators of exposure to these toxics. In this context, a survey was conducted at first to identify the characteristic disorders connected to exposure to xenobiotics. body-fluidsThis survey was completed by biochemical and hematological analyses of blood and urine of the investigated. The results revealed that: the characteristic clinical signs to lead and/or cadmium poisoning existed within the population; in particular, stomach pain, , symptoms connected to the reproduction, sign of bone pain, mental retardation, , asthenia, arterial high blood pressure, sight impairment, excessive perspiration, neurological and renal signs. Also in exposure areas, correlation between blood lead and lead in drinking water was high but that correlation was weak for cadmium. Besides, 80 % of the investigated.

jbes-vol4no2-p378-392Get the original articles in Source: Volume 4, Number 2, February 2014 – JBES

Journal Name: Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)

Published By: International Network for Natural Sciences

Related Post: Assessing potential of farm management practices on Carbon Sequestration capacity in dryland area: case study Razin Watershed – JBES

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