EsmailBabakhanzadeh Sajirani, Javad Hadian, VahidAbdossi, Kambiz Larijani
Department of Horticulture Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Agriculture, Medicinal Plants and Drug Research Institute, ShahidBeheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran, 1483963113, Iran
Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Key words: Iranian borage, flavonoids, anthocyanins, accession, altitude.
Iranian GoleGavZaban (Echiumamoenumfich&mey) is a perennial endemic Iranian medicinal plant belongs to Boraginaceae family and naturally grown in northern mountainous of iran.The violet dry petals have been used as medicinal purposes in folk Iranian medicine. This study is the first report about the analysis amount of flavonoids and anthocyanins of Echiumamoenum in eshkevari accessions. Considering that variety of different habitats and climates have different effects on growth and plant ingredients, in this study, plant samples at 10 accessions with different altitude were collected from eshkevari in North of Iran. The results of regression analysis and coefficient of determination showed that the anthocyanin content (R2 = 0.847) and flavonoids (R2 = 0.873) in different accessions have been severely affected by altitude. With increasing altitude, the amount of these compounds also showed a significant increase and significant differences were observed between the different habitats. Also a significant positive relationship was observed between flavonoids and anthocyanins. The highest and lowest amount of Flavonoids and antocyanins observed in accessions 10 and 1 respectively.