Impact of landuse practices on agrobiodiversity in selected organic and conventional agroecosystems in Bulgeria

history2Vladislav Popov, Georgi Popgeorgiev, Dimitar Plachiyski, Nedko Nedialkov, Ognian Todorov

Agricultural University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 12 ‘Mendeleev’ blvd., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Bulgarian Society for Bird Protection, Plovdiv office, Bulgaria

Key words: Agrobiodiversity, organic agriculture, index of Shannon, agroecosystems.

Abstract

Agrobiodiversity in agroecosystems and their role for maintaining their stability in absence of chemical inputs is not sufficiently investigated in Europe. As a first step in a larger study, this investigation focused on the territory of Eastern Rhodope mountain of Bulgaria in June – September 2012. It tried to compare the impact of organic and conventional agricultural landuse on certain agrobiodiversity indicator groups (insects, birds and small mammals). On the basis of determined taxa density and abundance, and in order to assess and compare biodiversity of the selected indicator groups (insects at the level of order), indices of biodiversity of Shannon (Shannon_H index) and ‘Diversity profiles’ were calculated. organic-agriculture-in-keralaThe overall biodiversity of the indicator groups in selected organic landuses (cereals, orchard and pasture) was higher (i.e. index of biodiversity Shannon_H and diversity profiles) than in the reference conventional landuses. However, when analysed individually, the three indicator groups showed no statistically significant differences between organic and conventional areas by the index of biodiversity Shannon_H. Nevertheless, a significant difference in exemplar density of class Insecta (2237 exemplars in organic against 712 in conventional landuses) was detected in spring and summer. The results can be attributed to the absence of chemical plant protection inputs in organic cereals and orchards, minimal soil cultivation and the regulated grazing in the organic pastures/meadows. The results are a basis for further more extensive research, comprising a longer period of e.g. 3-4 years, more organic and conventional plots and crops, monitoring agrobiodiversity indicators at the level of species, etc.

Get the original article sin Source: Volume 4, Number 2, February 2014 – JBES

Published By: Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)

Related Post:  Correlation, multiple regression and path analysis for some yield-related traits in safflower

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s