Effectiveness of two diatomaceous earths (FossilShield® and SilicoSec®) against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infesting two maize varieties (CLH103 and SHABA) at storage

sitophilus_zeamais02

By: Fotso Tagne Gabriel, Tofel Haman Katamssadan, Nukenine Elias Nchiwan, Adler Cornel
  1. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
  2. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bamenda, Cameroon
  3. Julius Kühn-Institut, Institue for Ecological Chemistry, Plant Analysis and Stored Products Protection, Königin-Luise Str.19, D-14195 Berlin, Germany

Influence of maize varieties CLH103 and SHABA on the effectiveness of FossilShield® and SilicoSec® against Sitophilus zeamais was evaluated in laboratory. Each product was used at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 g/kg and four exposure periods (1, 3, 7 and 14 days) for adult mortality and F1 progeny production. Damaged and germinated seeds were also assessed.27.7 Malathion (positive control) was used at the recommended dosage (0.5 g/kg). Probit analysis showed that FossilShield® and SilicoSec® were more toxic to weevils on CLH103 than SHABA from 3 days post-infestation, while within 1 day post-infestation, the two products were rather more toxic on SHABA than CLH103. Student t-test showed significant difference between the two maize varieties treated with FossilShield® in the reduction of adult emergence at 1 g/kg while with SilicoSec® this difference was observed for all concentrations. Malathion as positive control completely inhibited the development of insects on the two maize varieties. Like Malathion at the single dosage (0.5 g/kg), the number of emerged insects was completely reduced by each diatomaceous earth (DE) at 2 g/kg. FossilShield® (from 1.5 g/kg) reduced completely grain damages in the CLH103 variety, while FossilShield® (2 g/kg) almost reduced grain damages (1.0%). SilicoSec® achieved complete reduction on CLH103 variety, while, on SHABA variety, the reduction of grain damage was significantly different (7.4%). Seed germination was not affect by the DEs. In this study, the results showed that utilization of FossilShield® and SilicoSec® could be favorably considered as alternative solution to Malathion against Sitophilus zeamais. Source of original articles: http://goo.gl/I07J0R

Journal Name: International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR)

Publisher Name: International Network For Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)

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Source: International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research @2015  Journal of agronomy
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