Chemical composition of essential oil compounds from the callus of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller.)

fennel-flower

Ehsaneh Khodadadi, Saeed Aharizad, Seyed Abolghasem Mohammadi, Ehsan khodadadi, Mortaza Kosarinasab, Mohsen Sabzi

Key words: essential oil, fennel, callogenesis, plant regeneration.

Abstract

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller.), a herbaceous, perennial and aromatic from Apiaceae family, which is used for pharmaceutical, food, health and cosmatic are cultivated in different parts of Iran and much of the world. In this study, the amount of trans-anethole in callus gained from tissue culture of fennel six belonging to different regions of Iran and Turkey have been compared. Tissue culture is a randomized trial. Factor of evaluating in the first node (hypocotyl) has been as explants and hormonal composition of 2,4-D+Kinetin and NAA+BAP was used for callus induction. Callus extracts were extracted by using organic solvent and finally the effective compound was determined, using GC/MS. The results show that the highest percentage of essential oil compounds in callus of E,E 2,4-Decadienal of 46.22% and cineole were 1,8 of the 35.17 percent, respectively. Our results indicate that the derived callus from fennel plants in the MS environment and with herbal hormone has been able to produce volatile compounds.

Read Full Article: Volume 3, Number 11, November 2013 – IJAAR

Research Article: International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR)

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